How do you prevent or manage certain behaviours?
Here are ten tips to help you manage the behaviours of your care receiver with an intellectual disability.
People with intellectual disabilities are five times more likely to develop behavioural issues.
Behavioural issues arise from both the internal condition of the person and their environment, they appear in succession. There is no single significance to a behaviour.
Behavioural disorders refer to heterogeneous realities and can be of all types:
Generally speaking, the person always behaves in a certain way with a specific goal: for example, to get attention, to acquire something, to avoid doing a certain task or meeting a certain person. It is often the manifestation of an unsatisfied need.
From a medical standpoint, it is important to try to understand the causes and purposes of these behaviours through an assessment:
The sensory exploration guide identifies the following intervention strategies:
These disabilities have an impact on the quality of life of people and their families, hence the need for caregivers to understand and address them:
What might be some avenues of resolution for certain behaviours?
Because of the diversity of cases and the socioeconomic conditions that surround each person, there is no simple answer or single answer to this question. We can advocate for the prevention of these behaviours by observing what causes them: what need is not being met?
From management to insertion
We aim for the person’s well-being, and by extension, your well-being as a caregiver. This means working together on aspects of communication, encouraging involvement in society through work, insertion in activities and learning to manage one’s behaviours.
But what about my own behaviour?
As a caregiver, the help and support you provide to the person you care for is a mutual exchange and learning process. If the person you are caring for (or your child) is learning to manage their behaviour, so are you: you are learning from and with your care receiver. You can also broaden your knowledge and experience and get in touch with resources and services tailored to your needs.
Sensory Exploration Activities
Transition to adulthood
Claire Morelle. Déficience intellectuelle et vie institutionnelle
Lalonde-Piecharski, J. (2021). Au-delà des dix-huit ans. Préparer le passage à l’âge adulte et l’avenir de votre enfant différent. Les Éditions Logiques
In 2019, the press was still using “suffering,” “deficient,” “affected by…” Whattha …&?$%@!
The heartfelt cry of actress Gabrielle Marion-Rivard is there to remind us: for a subject such as intellectual disability, the choice of vocabulary and words takes on great importance and says a lot about the way Québec society perceives intellectual disability, especially when it comes to behaviours.
Centre de réadaptation en déficience intellectuelle et en troubles envahissants du développement de Chaudière-Appalaches. Guide d’intervention en prévention et en gestion du trouble grave du comportement.
Chaîne Youtube de la Société québécoise de la déficience intellectuelle. Gabrielle Marion-Rivard présente l'aide mémoire pour journalistes.
La réponse du psy. Les troubles du comportement chez les personnes déficientes intellectuelles.
Organisation mondiale de la Santé. Définition : les déficiences intellectuelles.
Need to talk?
Contact our Caregiver Support Helpline for counselling, information et referrals.
Every day from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Free of charge.